The political and the historical circumstances during the time of Jeanne-Antide brought about a separation within the Congregation with a Superior General in Rome and another one in Besançon. However nobody truly relinquished this separation. Since the death of Jeanne-Antide, the contacts between Rome and Besançon were never lacking as well as suggestions to unite afresh the two branches. A long journey however was necessary down the years in order to arrive to an official unity.
It was at the beginning of the 20thcentury that the Sisters of Charity left Europe towards other continents in order to answer the calls of the Church (especially during the Vatican Council II) or when challenged by the political and social events, in France, when the laws prohibited the religious to teach … the immigrants’ calls … in Latin America … the situations of the christian minorities … in Pakistan … in Indonesia … in Sudan … in India … in Vietnam …
With the passing of time, according to the calls of the mission and territorial establishments, according to the numerical development within the Congregation, the initial formation needs and to intensify the missionary dynamism and the unity of the body congregation in the cultural diversity, the structures and the territorial restructuring developed : the pooling of communities, Provinces and progressive responsibilities left to new realities … at the service of life.
After the canonisation of Jeanne-Antide, in 1934, other sisters of the Congregation have been officially acknowledged by the Church as witnesses of God’s charity.
The quality of their life and their service become examples for all the christians and lead us on the path of holiness.
Sister Agostina who was a nurse in Rome, Sister Nemesia an educator in Tortona and Borgaro in Turin, and Sister Enrichetta at the service of the prisoners in Milan.
These three visages and figures complement and represent the traditional services of charity to which the sisters of Charity are called since the beginning of the Congregation.
11th April : foundation of the Congregation by Sr. Jeanne-Antide Thouret in Besançon, France
Foundation in Switzerland
Foundation in Savoia, a Thonon
Foundation in Italy, Naples
Foundation in Vercelli
Sr Victoire Batholemot is appointed to represent Jeanne-Antide in Savoie. It’s the beginning of the Province of Savoie
26th August : Jeanne-Antide, Superior general of the Sisters of Charity dies in Naples
Sr. Genevieve Boucon is appointed Superior General (end of 1856)
In Besançon, Sr. Catherine Barrois (1822-1827) is the Superior general
Constitution of the Province of Vercelli
Superiors general in Rome:
Sr. Geneviève Boucon (1826-1856)
Sr Catherine Chambrot (1856-1880)
Sr. M. Thérèse Vignet (1880-1885)
Sr. M. Joseph Boquin (1885-1893)
Sr. Irène Buzio (1893-1895)
Sr. Leontine Vandel (1895-1899)
Sr. Hildegarde Zmiglio (1900-1915)
15th January: Introduction of the cause of beatification of Jeanne-Antide
Foundation in England
Warm welcome of Mother Ildegarde Zmiglio in Besançon
Foundation in Belgium (end of 1980)
Constitution of the Province of Turin
Foundation in Lebanon
Constitution of the Province of Malta
In Besançon, diocesan process for the beatification of Jeanne-Antide
First steps towards the re-unification of the Congregation
In July, visit to Besançon of Mother Anne Lapierre, then Superior general in Rome (1916-1936)
On the 11December, Mother M. Anna Groffe, then Superior general in Besançon (1902-1930) asks officially for the union with Italy.
The union is postponed for prudence sake, on the advice of the Church.
Decree on the heroism of the virtues of Jeanne-Antide
23 May : Beatification of Jeanne-Antide Thouret
Constitution of the Province of Rome
Foundation in the United States
- Canonisation of Saint Jeanne-Antide
- Foundation in Laos
Sr. Aldegonde Gizzi is Superior general in Rome (1936-1953) and Sr Charles Loigeret, in Besançon (1936-1951)
2 November, opposition of French government to the Decree of Pius XI concerning the union.
The disappointment causes strong reactions among the Sisters. About fifty Sisters, especially Egyptians are authorised to shift from Besançon to Rome.
Foundation in Algeria
Constitution of the Province of Brescia
Opening of the diocesan process of Sr. Nemesia Valle
Sr Charles Loigeret relaunches the Union
Sr Antoine de Padoue Duffet is elected Superior General in Besançon
Sr Giovanna Francesca Voltolini is elected Superior general in Rome (1953-1965).
In August, in Besançon and in Sancey, she meets the Superior of Besançon to prepare the Union.
Mother Giovanna Francesca Voltolini summons in Rome all the Superiors of the Institute ; that of Besançon participates for the first time.
Pilgrimage of the Mother General and the Provincial Superiors to Sancey and Besançon to celebrate the Union.
Foundation in Central African Republic
Vatican Council II invites the Congregations to a big task of research and return to the sources in view of defining the charism better. At this point a new Rule of Life will emerge.
Foundation in Libya (until 1996)
Sr. Maria Candida Torchio becomes Superior general (1965-1969)
Foundation in Paraguay
Foundation in Argentina
Celebration of the special General Chapter for the revision of the Constitutions.
Mother Antoine de Padoue Duffet, general councillor in Rome (1965-1969) is elected Mother General of the Congregation (1969-1980), after the premature death of Sr. Maria Candida Torchio.
11 November: Beatification of Sr. Agostina Pietrantoni
Constitution of the Province of the United States
Foundatino in Indonesia
Celebration of the General chapter : Sr. Maria Carla Aletti is elected Superior General (1980-1990)
11 April: the Church approves the new text of the Rule of Life.
Foundation in Pakistan
Constitution of the Regions of Central Africa and Latin America.
Foundation in Cameroon
Celebration of the General chapter : Sr. Marie Antoine Henriot is elected Superior general (1990-2000)
Foundation in Romania
Foundation in Albania
Fusion of the Sisters of Our Lady of Digne with our Congregation.
Beginning of the Diocesan process of beatification and canonisation of Sr. Enrichetta Alfieri
Foundation in Bolivia
Foundation in Brazil
Vatican official decree which recognises the union between the two branches of the Institute.
Celebration of the Bi-centenary of the Foundation
Foundation in India
18 april: Canonisation of Sr. Agostina Pietrantoni
23 January : Celebration of the Fusion of the Sisters Hospitallers of Besançon with our Congregation.
Celebration du General chapter : Sr. Maria Luisa Colombo is elected Superior general (2000 - 2010)
Constitution of the Middle East Province
5 July: Sr. Nemesia Valle is proclaimed Venerable by Pope John Paul II
Foundation in Thailand
Constitution of the North Italy Province (ex. Provinces Turin - Brescia - Vercelli)
Foundation in Ethiopia
Foundation in Vietnam
25 April : Sr. Nemesia Valle is proclaimed Blessed by Pope John Paul II
Foundation in Moldavia
Celebration of the 17th General Chapter
Constitution of Central Italy Province (ex. Provinces : Roma - Ferrara)
The Province of Naples becomes South Italy Province
Constitution of the Central African Province
Constitution of Eastern-Europe Region (Romania - Albania - Moldavia)
Constitution of the Pakistan region
Constitution of the Latin American Province ( Argentine - Paraguay - Bolivia - Brazil)
Constitution of the Province Besançon-Savoie (France - Switzerland - England)
Constitution of the South East Asian Province (Laos - Vietnam - Thailand)
19 December: Sr. Enrichetta is declared Venerable by Pope Benedict XVI
Celebration of the General chapter : Sr. Nunzia di Gori is elected Superior general.
26 June in Milan: Sr. Enrichetta Alfieri is declared Blessed
Celebration of the Fusion of the Congregation of Saint Mathe with our Congregation.
1-26th of July: Celebration of the 20th General chapter : sr Nunzia de Gori is reelected Superior general
Constitution of Province Italy-Malta (ex. Province Italy Sud, Italy centre, Italy Nord and Malta)
24 september - 15 october : Celebration of the 21th General chapter : Sr Maria Rosa Muscarella is elected Superior general